To the naked eye it is the loveliest of the celestial wanderers, from ancient times bestowed upon the goddess of beauty. Once it held a large and distinguished place in the human Solar System. In the pages of Heinlein its colonists rebel against tyranny not once but twice. That most unlikely of space SF writers, CS Lewis, made it the abode of the unfallen.
Then came the Space Age. If the Mars of imagination buckled under the weight of our probes, the Venus of imagination evaporated like whatever seas it might once have had. Real Venus resembles the abode of the fallen, in a theology far sterner that Lewis's. No surprise that it has largely fallen from grace in science fiction as well.
Yet Venus is not less worthy of our attention than the other planets. It has gotten some love from the Russians, one probe surviving more than two hours on the surface, and sending back images. Hell, like Mars, has lots of rocks.
Venus is Earth's near twin, the Solar System's other large terrestrial planet. Like Earth it is still geologically active. It is the ultimate cautionary example of global warming, and we would like to know how it got that way. Did it lose its primordial oceans, or - formed closer to the Sun, and farther from the 'snow line' - did it never have significant water to lose?
If we are to explore the Solar System in person, not only from a distance, we will explore Venus as well, at least from an orbital station. There, teleoperators can control surface activity directly, without the 5-25 minutes of light lag delay from trying to do so from Earth.
To my surprise there has even been some credible discussion of colonization - not of the hellish surface but the upper atmosphere, with aerostats AKA balloons. At 50 km above the surface the atmospheric pressure is equal to Earth's, and temperatures are near the human comfort zone, 0-50 C. Human breathing mix is a lifting gas on Venus (with roughly half the lifting power per cubic meter of helium on Earth), so the entire gas envelope can contain breathing air. Venus gravity, about 0.9 g, is suitable for human health, while Mars' third of a g is probably not enough.
Humans could even go outside, in principle with nothing more than a breathing mask, though protective clothing against those sulphuric acid droplets in the atmosphere would be a good idea. And don't lean over that rail too far. It's a looong fall, and nasty down below.
Reaching an aerostat base from orbit is (relatively) simple. Getting back up is challenging but not impossible, Venus orbit lift being a shade easier than Earth orbit lift.
If you really want to walk on the surface, consult the psychological or religious advisor of your choice. Returning to aerostat level is straightforward, a skyhook balloon, but that and your cooling system should be very reliable.
Could Venus ever be an economic center? I believe that the most valuable thing we will bring back from space is knowledge. What is the price tag on what Venus has already taught us about carbon dioxide in planetary atmospheres? That kind of value can be difficult to 'monetize,' as they say in the biz racket, but the University of Venus might pull in some hefty patent royalties.
I'm not a big fan of Space Mining, but the surface of Venus is a strange place, apparently repaving itself every few hundred million years; perhaps its alien geology has produced concentrations of rare elements that we won't find among all those small rubble piles.
So, what might be the roles of Venus in the new human Solar System?
The image, from Wikipedia, shows Venus as it would appear through the viewport - with full dazzle filter.